ACTION TO AVOID COLLISION
Any action taken to avoid collision shall be taken in
accordance with the Rules of this Part and [Intl]
shall, if the circumstances of the case admit, be positive, made
in ample time and with due regard to the observance of good seamanship.
Any alteration of course and/or speed to avoid collision
shall, if the circumstances of the case admit, be large enough to
be readily apparent to another vessel observing visually or by radar;
a succession of small alterations of course and/or speed should
If there is sufficient sea room, alteration of course alone
may be the most effective action to avoid a close-quarters situation
provided that it is made in good time, is substantial and does not
result in another close-quarters situation.
Action taken to avoid collision with another vessel shall
be such as to result in passing at a safe distance. The effectiveness
of the action shall be carefully checked until the other vessel
is finally past and clear.
If necessary to avoid collision or allow more time to asses
the situation, a vessel may slacken her speed or take all way off
by stopping or reversing her means of propulsion.
- A vessel which, by any of these rules, is required not to
impede the passage or safe passage of another vessel shall,
when required by the circumstances of the case, take early action
to allow sufficient sea room for the safe passage of the other
- A vessel required not to impede the passage or safe passage
of another vessel is not relieved of this obligation if approaching
the other vessel so as to involve risk of collision and shall,
when taking action, have full regard to the action which may
be required by the rules of this part.
- A vessel, the passage of which is not to be impeded remains
fully obliged to comply with the rules of this part when the
two vessels are approaching one another so as to involve risk